Botox (Botulinum toxin type A) is a treatment used for muscle spasms, which is derived from a strain of bacteria called Clostridium Botulinum. Botox is the industry name for Botulinum toxin type A.
When Botox is injected into the muscles it reduces spasms by blocking the transmission between the muscle fibres and endings of the nerves. Botox effectively weakens the muscles and causes localised paralysis. What can Botox be used for?
Botox is injected into the muscles to prevent abnormal muscle function and spasms in people who have conditions that cause excessive nerve stimulation. It works in this case by preventing the nerves from communicating with muscle cells, since when communication is prohibited this causes muscle paralysis and stops the spasms.
It is also an increasingly popular treatment for people who want to achieve a younger looking complexion. Botox can be injected into areas of the face to smooth out fine lines and wrinkles and reduce frown lines, which typically start to appear when people reach middle-age. Botox has become incredibly popular in recent years, as people view it as an effective and safe alternative to more invasive procedures, such as a face lift.
The treatment is also used to treat people who suffer from excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis), with the injections of Botox inserted into the armpits or other affected areas to prevent nerve signals from reaching the sweat glands.
Botox may also be used to treat migraines. The injections are given into the muscles at the back of the neck, the forehead and the temples, to prevent the production of signals that cause you to feel pain. However, this treatment is only recommended for people with chronic migraines when medication has been unsuccessful.